Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder whereas the cells that make pigment in the skin are damaged. And because of that white patches will appear on the skin on different areas of the body. The hair on the affected area may turn white at some cases.
The main cause of this condition is unknown. But it is considered that low immunity levels and stress are the key factors. Stigmas and psychological strain are some other factors too. Emotional distress or sunburn can trigger Vitiligo regarding on some reports but not yet scientifically proven. Individuals under 20 are the ones who usually develop vitiligo but in some cases individuals under the age of 40 can be affected too. Vitiligo can affect women and men but it is more obvious to those who have darker skin tone. People with autoimmune diseases such as hyperthyroidism are more prone to develop this condition.
As many as 65 million persons or about .5 to 1% of the population have vitiligo. 1 to 2 million individuals has this condition in the United States. Fifty percent of the people who have this condition develop it before the age of 20, and the other half develop it before the age of 40.
Vitiligo may run in the family, it may be hereditary. Offspring whose parents have vitiligo are more probable to develop this condition. About 30% of individuals who have vitiligo have a family member with the condition as well. But there are only about 5 to 7% chance that a child will get a vitiligo even if a family member has the condition.
Vitiligo is not harmful and cannot cause any pain but it can bring psychological and emotional effect to individuals who suffer from the condition. In India, women with vitiligo are at time being discriminated in marriage. It can be ground for divorce, if a woman develops vitiligo after marriage.
White patches of vitiligo can affect women and men and all races. It can affect persons’ psychological and emotional well-being and confidence. If vitiligo develops on visible areas such as hands, feet, arms and face, sufferer will surely feel emotional stress. Individuals especially teenagers who are always concern about their appearance will be devastated, ashamed, worried and embarrassed if white patches appear on visible areas of their body.
The good thing is there are some treatments for vitiligo. Consult your doctor in order for you to understand your condition and you’ll learn how to cope up with it. Your doctor can even provide emotional support. If in case that you are feeling depressed, let your doctor know, for you to be given the best treatment.
Here are medical therapies for vitiligo:
Topical steroid therapy
Psoralen photo chemotherapy
Here are the surgical therapies for vitiligo:
Skin grafting using blisters
Autologous melanocyte transplants
Here are other therapies for vitiligo:
Sunscreen or sunblock
Talking with other individuals who have the condition can be at help in dealing with it. Some of the great sources of support are your family and friends.
To feel better about themselves, some people make use of cosmetics to cover the white patches in their skin. There are plenty of concealing cosmetics in the market, you may try few brands until you’ll find the best product that will work best for you in covering your patches.
You must not let your condition ruin your life, you have to do something about it. You can opt with medical therapies or you can go with natural way of coping with it by using sunscreen and cosmetics.